Want to find out what all happened on 9. January

Byzantine Emperor Zeno is forced to flee his capital at Constantinople, and his general, Basiliscus gains control of the empire. (9. January 475)

Twelfth Council of Toledo: King Erwig of the Visigoths initiates a council in which he implements diverse measures against the Jews in Spain. (9. January 681)

Jin–Song wars: Invading Jurchen soldiers from the Jin Dynasty besiege and sack Bianjing (Kaifeng), the capital of the Song Dynasty of China, and abduct Emperor Qinzong and others, ending the Northern Song Dynasty. (9. January 1127)

Prince Hailing of Jin and other court officials murder Emperor Xizong of Jin. Hailing succeeds him as emperor. (9. January 1150)

The Jewish population of Basel, Switzerland, believed by the residents to be the cause of the ongoing Black Death, is rounded up and incinerated. (9. January 1349)

Judges' investigations for the trial of Joan of Arc begin in Rouen, France, the seat of the English occupation government. (9. January 1431)

Afghans defeat Marathas in the Battle of Barari Ghat. (9. January 1760)

Connecticut becomes the fifth state to be admitted to the United States. (9. January 1788)

Jean-Pierre Blanchard becomes the first person to fly in a balloon in the United States. (9. January 1793)

British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces an income tax of two shillings to the pound to raise funds for Great Britain's war effort in the Napoleonic Wars. (9. January 1799)

Admiral Horatio Lord Nelson receives a state funeral and is interred in St Paul's Cathedral. (9. January 1806)

Sir Humphry Davy tests his safety lamp for miners at Hebburn Colliery. (9. January 1816)

The Portuguese prince Pedro I of Brazil decides to stay in Brazil against the orders of the Portuguese King João VI, beginning the Brazilian independence process. (9. January 1822)

The French Academy of Sciences announces the Daguerreotype photography process. (9. January 1839)

The Fort Tejon earthquake strikes California, registering an estimated magnitude of 7.9. (9. January 1857)

Anson Jones, the last President of the Republic of Texas, commits suicide. (9. January 1858)

American Civil War: The "Star of the West" incident occurs near Charleston, South Carolina. It is considered by some historians to be the "First Shots of the American Civil War". (9. January 1861)

Mississippi becomes the second state to secede from the Union before the outbreak of the American Civil War. (9. January 1861)

American Civil War: the Battle of Fort Hindman begins in Arkansas. (9. January 1863)

Umberto I becomes King of Italy. (9. January 1878)

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