Find out what all happened in the 1. century

The Julian calendar takes effect for the first time. (1. January 45. BC)

The Roman Senate posthumously deifies Julius Caesar (1. January 42. BC)

The Roman legions in Germania Superior refuse to swear loyalty to Galba. They rebel and proclaim Vitellius as emperor. (1. January 69)

Julius Caesar defeats Titus Labienus in the Battle of Ruspina. (4. January 46. BC)

Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon, signaling the start of civil war. (10. January 49. BC)

The Western Han Dynasty ends when Wang Mang claims that the divine Mandate of Heaven called for the end of the dynasty and the beginning of his own, the Xin Dynasty. (10. January 9)

Lucius Calpurnius Piso Licinianus is appointed by Galba as deputy Roman Emperor. (10. January 69)

Otho seizes power in Rome, proclaiming himself Emperor of Rome, but rules for only three months before committing suicide. (15. January 69)

Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus is granted the title Augustus by the Roman Senate, marking the beginning of the Roman Empire. (16. January 27. BC)

Octavian divorces his wife Scribonia and marries Livia Drusilla, ending the fragile peace between the Second Triumvirate and Sextus Pompey. (17. January 38. BC)

Roman Emperor Caligula, known for his eccentricity and sadistic despotism, is assassinated by his disgruntled Praetorian Guards. The Guard then proclaims Caligula's uncle Claudius as Emperor (24. January 41)

After a night of negotiation, Claudius is accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate. (25. January 41)

Trajan succeeded his adoptive father Nerva as Roman emperor; under his rule the Roman Empire would reach its maximum extent. (27. January 98)

Earthquake in Pompeii, Italy. (5. February 62)

Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome. This clears the way for Nero to become Emperor. (11. February 55)

Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army, enters Athens, removing the tyrant Aristion who was supported by troops of Mithridates VI of Pontus ending the Siege of Athens and Piraeus. (1. March 86. BC)

Nero, later to become Roman Emperor, is given the title princeps iuventutis (head of the youth). (4. March 51)

The Roman Emperor Augustus is named Pontifex Maximus, incorporating the position into that of the Emperor. (6. March 12. BC)

Casca and Cassius decide, on the night before the Assassination of Julius Caesar, that Mark Antony should stay alive. (14. March 44. BC)

Julius Caesar, Dictator of the Roman Republic, is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March. (15. March 44. BC)

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